The Question of Race

and the Christian Response: One New Humanity in Jesus


Slavery & Capitalism Housing &
Banking &
Schooling &
Crime &
Power &
Health Disparities

Children &




Public Survey/Display

Race - What's the Problem? (and instructions)

Race - What's the Problem? brochure form

Whose Justice? (instructions and talk on Christian Restorative Justice)

Is a Good Friend Hard to Find? (instructions and conversation tree)

Is Religion Just a Cultural Thing? (and instructions)


The Question of Race and the Christian Response: One New Humanity in Jesus

Human Dignity: Does Every Individual Matter?

God as the Foundation of Human Rights (Genesis 1 - 11)

Does the Bible Have Evidence of God's Design?  A Sociological Glance at the Torah

Israel as a Non-Ethnic, Non-Racial People, or: Does the Color of Jesus' Skin Matter?

Why Did God Choose a "Chosen People"?  Why Not Just Skip Right to Jesus? (one document)

* Reason #1: To Be a Microcosm of All Humanity, Not a Race or Ethnicity

* Reason #2: To Live by God's Word and Hope for a Happy Ending

* Reason #3: To Diagnose the Evil Internal to Human Nature

* Reason #4: To Suffer on Behalf of the World

* Reason #5: To Document the Diagnosis

* Reason #6: To Anticipate God's Dwelling Within People

* Reason #7: To Oppose Pagan Temple Systems and Glimpse the Trinity

* Reason #8: To Anticipate the Messiah and His Mission

The Troubling Acts of God:  Noah's Flood, Sodom and Gomorrah, the Egyptian Firstborn, and the Canaanites

Jesus as Anti-Racist, Anti-Nationalist Revolutionary (Matthew 22:1 - 14)

Paul as Anti-Imperialist Missionary (Romans, Galatians 1 - 2, 1 Corinthians 9)

The Church as the Community of Reconciled Enemies (Ephesians 2:11 - 22)

Did Rome Fall?  Or Did They Reconcile With Their Germanic Enemy?

The Role of Jesus in Revolution and the Pursuit of Justice

What Role Has Jesus Played in Africa and African-America? 

What Role Has Jesus Played in Asia and Asian-America?

For more information, please see:

* The Question of Politics and the Christian Response: Christian Restorative Justice

* The Question of Work and the Christian Response: Christian Restorative Justice

* The Question of the Church and the Christian Response: Hope


Personal and Practical: Embracing Jesus' Transformation of You

Ethnicity, Culture, and Christian Faith:  A Paradigm and a Questionnaire

Race:  Can Faith Help? - Has Christian Multiculturalism Failed? (1 Corinthians 9:19 - 22)

Race:  Can Faith Help? - Learning to See Oppression (Intro to Luke 19:1 - 10)

Race:  Can Faith Help? - Racism, Wealth, and Power (Luke 19:1 - 10)

Race:  Can Faith Help? - Jesus' One New Humanity (Ephesians 2:14 - 16)

Jesus Trains the Disciples in Cross-Cultural Mission (see small group leader notes on Matthew 14 - 18)

The Best of Both Worlds (reflections on parenting, faith, and cultures)

Go and Do Likewise Series (Grace Christian Church Waltham, Feb 2017) on Racial Reconciliation based on Jesus' parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25 - 37)

* Dishon Mills, Go and Do Likewise 1 (Grace Christian Church Waltham, Feb 5, 2017)

* Afrika Mills, Go and Do Likewise 2 (Grace Christian Church Waltham, Feb 12, 2017)

* Mako Nagasawa, Go and Do Likewise 3 (Grace Christian Church Waltham, Feb 19, 2017)

* Eddie Lowe, Go and Do Likewise 4 (Grace Christian Church Waltham, Feb 26, 2017)


Faiths, Racism, and Slavery:  A Comparative View

Slavery in Christianity, Part 1:  Slavery in the Bible, Slavery Today (and ppt)

Slavery in Christianity, Part 2:  Abolitionism from the First to Fifteenth Century

Slavery in Islam: From the Seventh to Twenty First Century

Slavery in Christianity, Part 3:  Slavery in the Americas and Abolition Worldwide

Why Question Atheism from a Political and Moral Perspective?

For more information, please see:

* Murray Gordon, Slavery in the Arab World (pdf book, 1989)

* Ronald Segal, Islam's Black Slaves: The Other Black Diaspora (Amazon book, 2001)

* Kimberly Flint-Hamilton, Gregory of Nyssa and the Culture of Oppression (Center for Christian Ethics at Baylor University, 2010)

* Bruce Gourley, Yes, The Civil War Was About Slavery (Civil War Baptists, Dec 24, 2010)

* Kevin Knight, Influence of the Church on Civil Law (New Advent website, 2012) - see slavery

* A. Moore, Ten Facts About the Arab Enslavement of Black People Not Taught in Schools (Atlanta Black Star, Jun 2, 2014)

* Tidiane N'Diaye, The Hidden History of Black Castration (The Real Hidden Colors of Slavery, Aug 28, 2014) re: the Arab Islamic slave trade of Africans

* Economist, Slavery in Islam: To Have and to Hold (Economist, Oct 18, 2014)

* John Henrick Clarke, Arab Destruction of Africans (African Hall of Knowledge, Oct 30, 2014)

* Matthew Namee, Ecumenical Patriarch Opposes Slavery in 1862 (Orthodox History, Apr 27, 2015)

* John Alembillah Azumah, Ghanaian Author Speaks On How The Arab Slave Trade Has Been Ignored And Romanticized (The Real Hidden Colors of Slavery, Jul 30, 2015)

* Keeping It Real, Saudi Arabs Are Still Selling Castrated Black Slaves Today (The Real Hidden Colors of Slavery, Aug 16, 2015)


Christian Resources


* Michael Emerson and Christian Smith, Divided by Faith (Amazon book, 2001)

* Rick Richardson and Brenda Salter-McNeil, The Heart of Racial Justice (Amazon book, 2004)

* Gaston Espinosa, Virgilio Elizondo, and Jesse Miranda, Latino Religions and Civic Activism in the U.S. (Amazon book, 2005)

* Mark Noll, The Civil War as a Theological Crisis (Amazon book, 2006)

* J. Kameron Carter, Race: A Theological Account (pdf book, 2008)

* Mark Noll, God and Race in American Politics: A Short History (Amazon book, 2010)

* Willie James Jennings, The Christian Imagination: Theology and the Origins of Race (Amazon book, 2011)

* Edward J. Blum and Paul Harvey, The Color of Christ: The Son of God and the Saga of Race in America (Amazon book, Aug 1, 2014)

* Jim Wallis, Repenting of America's Original Sin (Amazon book, Jan 19, 2016) and study guide (pdf)

Articles, Websites, Talks

* Wiconi International (website)

* Mission Mississippi (website)

* David D. Daniels, Why Pentecostalism's Multiethnic Beginning Floundered (Christianity Today, 1998)

* A.G. Miller, A Timeline of Black Christianity Before the Civil War (Christianity Today, 1999)

* John Coffey, The Abolition of the Slave Trade: Christian Conscience and Political Action (Jubilee Centre, 2007)

* Brian Bantum, Why Christians Can't Be Post-Racial: Christian Existence in the Murky Waters of Race and Place (theotherjournal blog, Aug 17, 2009)

* Tomi Obaro, For Korean-American Pastor, Being Open-Minded Builds Relationships (Washington Post, Aug 25, 2012)

* Mark Charles, A Prayer of Indigenous Peoples (blog, Apr 18, 2013)

* Lisa Sharon Harper, The Cost of Being "Christian" (Sojourners, May 2013) about Richard Twiss, a Lakota/Sioux Christian

* Rebecca Savastio, KKK Member Walks up to Black Musician in Bar-but Itís Not a Joke, and What Happens Next Will Astound You (Las Vegas Guardian Express, Nov 20, 2013)

* Stoyan Zaimov, 'The Grandmother Locked in the Bedroom:' A Native American Perspective on History, Immigration, and Thanksgiving (Christian Post, Nov 28, 2013)

* Ta-Nehisi Coates, "I Am Still Called by the God I Serve to Walk This Out": A Conversation with Lucia McBath, mother of Jordan Davis (The Atlantic, Feb 25, 2014)

* Randall Balmer, The Real Origins of the Religious Right (Politico, May 27, 2014)

* Rod Dreher, Church to Orthodox Fascists: Repent! (The American Conservative, May 5, 2014)

* Kay Higuera Smith, Jayachitra Lalitha, L. Daniel Hawk, Evangelical Postcolonial Conversations: Global Awakenings in Theology and Praxis (Amazon book, Jul 2014)

* The Reboot, That Time When Jesus Started a Riot (The Reboot blog, Aug 14, 2014)

* Grawemeyer Awards, Willie James Jennings: Work on Christianity and Race Earns Religion Prize (Grawemeyer Awards, 2014)

* N.T. Wright, Justification, Reconciliation, Racism, and Community (Fuller Seminary video, Nov 8, 2014)

* Alan Noble, Sinís Part in the System (and Vice Versa): Thoughts on Voddie Bauchamís ďThoughts on FergusonĒ (Christ & Pop Culture, Nov 28, 2014)

* Greg Boyd, How Christians Should Respond to Ferguson (Reknew youtube video, Dec 3, 2014)

* Napp Nazworth, Russell Moore on Racism and Southern Baptists: God Is Giving Us a Second Chance (Christian Post, Dec 18, 2014)

* Paul Alexander, Before There Was Whiteness (Evangelicals for Social Action, Jan 12, 2015)

* Greg Boyd, Thank You Obama for Denouncing "Christian" Violence: It is Actually Far Worse Than ISIS (Reknew blog, Feb 6, 2015)

* Russell Moore, The Cross and the Confederate Flag (Moore to the Point blog, Jun 19, 2015) President of Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptists

* David Niose, Anti-Intellectualism is Killing America (Psychology Today, Jun 20, 2015) about the lack of reasoning and morality in our culture

* Carol Kuruvilla, How White Christians Used The Bible -- And Confederate Flag -- To Oppress Black People (Huffington Post, Jun 22, 2015)

* Jim Wallis, Slavery Never Ended. It Just Evolved (Huffington Post, Dec 18, 2015)

* Laurie Goodstein, Race, History and Baptist Reconciliation (NY Times, Jan 23, 2016)

* Ahmed Kathrada, The Involvement of White People in the Struggle Against Racism (Kathrada Foundation, Mar 21, 2016) in the context of South Africa

* Morgan Lee, Where John Piper and Other Evangelicals Stand on Black Lives Matter (Christianity Today, May 13, 2016)

* Vince Bantu, Is Christianity the White Man's Religion? (Jude3 Project, Jun 20, 2016) about Christianity in Egypt from the 2nd to 7th centuries

* Tobin Grant, What Catalyst Started the Presbyterian Church of America? Racism (Religion News Service, Jun 30, 2016)

* Fred Clark, Rewriting Evangelicals' Past to Preserve Our Mistakes (Patheos, Jul 18, 2016) brutal facts about white supremacy among white evangelicals

* Nana Dolce, Do Racial Issues Really "Disappear" Because of the Gospel? A Response to John MacArthur (Christ and Pop Culture, Jul 26, 2016) a terrible implication of double predestination and high federal Calvinism

* Adam Lee, The White Supremacist Roots of Evangelicalism (Patheos Aug 5, 2016)

* Rev. William J. Barber II, The Racist History of Southern White Evangelicalism and the Rise of Donald Trump (Washington Post, Nov 23, 2016)

* Caroline Praderio, One Man Spent Years Befriending KKK Members and Persuaded 200 of Them to Leave the Group (Business Insider, Dec 28, 2016)




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